Location: Places >> Europe >> Turkey >> Mount Nemrut

Mount Nemrut

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Nemrut or Nemrud (Turkish: Nemrut Dağ or Nemrut Dağı) is a 2,134 m (7,001 ft) high mountain in southeastern Turkey, notable for the vast statues at a 1st century BC tomb on its summit.

The mountain lies 40 km (25 mi) north of Kahta, near Adıyaman. In 62 BC, King Antiochus I Theos of Commagene built on the mountain top a tomb-sanctuary flanked by huge statues (8–9 m/26–30 ft high) of himself, two lions, two eagles and various Greek, Armenian and Persian gods, such as Hercules-Vahagn, Zeus-Aramazd or Oromasdes (associated with the Persian god Ahura Mazda), Tyche, and Apollo-Mithras. These statues were once seated, with names of each god inscribed on them. The heads of the statues are now scattered throughout the site; the pattern of damage to the heads (notably to noses) suggests that they were deliberately damaged because of belief in iconoclasm. The site also preserves stone slabs with bas-relief figures that are thought to have formed a large frieze. These stones display the ancestors of Antiochus, who included both Macedonians and Persians.

The same statues and ancestors found throughout the site can also be found on the tumulus at the site, which is 49 m (161 ft) tall and 152 m (499 ft) in diameter. The statues have the likeness of Greek facial features, in conjunction with Persian clothing and hairstyling. The western terrace contains a large slab with a lion, showing the arrangement of stars and the planets Jupiter, Mercury and Mars on 7 July 62 BC, the possible time when construction began on this monument. The eastern portion is well preserved, being composed of several layers of rock, and there is evidence of a walled passageway linking the eastern and western terraces, from a path below at the foot of Mount Nemrut. Possible uses for this site might have included religious ceremonies, due to the astronomical and religious nature of the monument.

The arrangement of such statues is known by the term hierothesion. Similar arrangements have been found at Arsameia on Nymphaios at the hierothesion of the father of Antiochus, Mithridates I Callinicus.

This tomb was excavated in 1881 by Karl Sester, an engineer from Germany. Subsequent excavations have failed to reveal the tomb of Antiochus. However, this is still believed to be the site of his burial. In 1987, Mt. Nemrut was made a World heritage site by UNESCO. Tourists typically visit Nemrut during June through August. The nearby town of Adıyaman is a popular place for car and bus trips to the site, and one can also travel by helicopter. The statues have not been restored to their original position, although this would not be difficult to do.

Mount Nemrut is part of a geographic area named the Armenian highlands by Russian and Soviet geographers.


Members: 31
Posts: 32
Created: Apr 1, 2009
Type: Public
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Members

NameJoined
M.Fatih AkgulM.Fatih Akgul moderator 04/01/2009
Ahmet GencAhmet Genc İ'm living around Nemrut 07/11/2011
Mehmet ÖZDEMİRMehmet ÖZDEMİR This is a thing which must be seen before die, And it's in my city! 04/14/2012
Tahsin özbek Tahsin özbek 04/29/2012
Fatih SalmanFatih Salman meet as much people possible 12/04/2013
Skirma AmbruleviciuteSkirma Ambruleviciute i will be there on a weekend 02/19/2014
Huseyin SARHuseyin SAR Because Adıyaman is my home town and also nemrut :D 03/18/2012
Ersin Aslan Ersin Aslan just 04/21/2013

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Group Posts

  Title By Replies Date
merhaba ;)Skirma Ambruleviciute-  02/19/2014
Nemrut tour in AprilMichael Ruggeri-  03/24/2013
price of Nemrut toursMarina Putnik2  08/21/2012
Logistics and a Couch RequestEd Yanchuk-  06/27/2012
Too early to visit in April?LEOMSW6  04/30/2012
ROAD TO NEMRUT MOUNTAINBaris Bilgin-  04/29/2012
Is the road ıs open now to vısıt Nemrut Dag ?Hitch Hiker3  04/13/2012
JanuaryTatiana Nikitina2  12/25/2011
Nearest town to get to Mount NemrutMoises Lopez3  04/27/2011
how much to climb nemrut?Quentin Boutignon-  04/01/2011
I pln to climb on Nemrut MountSophie Hadet1  05/17/2010
Merhaba Nemrut Dagi grubusuCAROLAA-  03/27/2010
weather on the mountain in early springtimeM squared1  02/21/2010
Now there is a host in AdiyamanT. Demirörs-  09/15/2009