Piedmont (Italian: Piemonte, French: Piémont) is the second largest Region of Italy, with an area of 25,399 km2 and a population of 4.3 million inhabitants. The capital is Turin and the language spoken by original native population is Piedmontese (but in some valleys also Occitan, Walser and French-Provençal are spoken).
Piedmont has 8 Provinces (Alessandria, Asti, Biella, Cuneo, Novara, Torino, Verbania, Vercelli), amongst them the Provinces of Cuneo and Torino are the first two largest Provinces of Italy.
Piedmont has 1206 municipalities (15% of Italian municipalities are in Piedmont).
Piedmont is (like an arch) surrounded on three sides by mountains. Southwards there is the Ligurian Appennine (Appennino Ligure), whilst westwards and northwards there are the impressive Alps (Alpi), including the Monviso (in the picture above), where the Po River rises, Monte Rosa and Gran Paradiso.
Piedmont is crossed from south-west to east by River Po, the longest river of Italy. Other main rivers are Dora Baltea, Dora Riparia, Ticino, Sesia, Tanaro.
Piedmont borders with France, Switzerland, and the Italian regions of Lombardy, Liguria and the Aosta Valley.
7.6% of the territory is protected by natural parks.
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