For other uses, see Toronto (disambiguation).
— City —
City of Toronto
From top left: Downtown Toronto featuring the CN Tower and Financial District from the Toronto Islands, City Hall, the Ontario Legislative Building, Casa Loma, Prince Edward Viaduct, and the Scarborough Bluffs
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): T.O., T-Dot, Hogtown, The Queen City, Toronto the Good, The City Within a Park
Motto: Diversity Our Strength
Location of Toronto and its census metropolitan area in the province of Ontario
Coordinates: 43°42′59.72″N 79°20′26.47″W / 43.7165889°N 79.3406861°W / 43.7165889; -79.3406861Coordinates: 43°42′59.72″N 79°20′26.47″W / 43.7165889°N 79.3406861°W / 43.7165889; -79.3406861
Former cities East York, Etobicoke, North York, Old Toronto, Scarborough, York
Established August 27, 1793 (as York)
Incorporated March 6, 1834 (as Toronto)
Amalgamated January 1, 1998 (from Metropolitan Toronto)
- Mayor Rob Ford
- Council Toronto City Council
- MPs List of MPs
Martha Hall Findlay
- MPPs List of MPPs
- City 630 km2 (243.2 sq mi)
- Urban 1,749 km2 (675.3 sq mi)
- Metro 7,125 km2 (2,751 sq mi)
Elevation 76 m (249 ft)
- City 2,503,281 (1st)
- Density 3,972/km2 (10,287.4/sq mi)
- Urban 4,753,120 (1st)
- Metro 5,113,149 (1st)
- Demonym Torontonian
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
- Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Postal code span M
Area code(s) (416) and (647)
NTS Map 030M11
GNBC Code FEUZB
Toronto ( /təˈrɑntoʊ/, colloquially /ˈtrɑnoʊ/ or /təˈrɑnoʊ/) is the provincial capital of Ontario and the largest city in Canada. It is located in Southern Ontario on the northwestern shore of Lake Ontario. With over 2.5 million residents, it is the fifth most populous city in North America. Its metropolitan area with over 5 million residents is the seventh largest urban region in North America. Toronto is at the heart of the Greater Toronto Area (GTA), and is part of a densely populated region in Southern Ontario known as the Golden Horseshoe, which is home to over 8.1 million residents—approximately 25% of Canada's population. The census metropolitan area (CMA) had a population of 5,113,149, and the Greater Toronto Area had a population of 5,555,912 in the 2006 Census.
As Canada's economic capital and one of the top financial centres in the world, Toronto is considered an alpha world city by the Globalization and World Cities (GaWC) study group. It is home to the Toronto Stock Exchange, the world's seventh largest in terms of market value. Toronto contains more corporate headquarters than any other Canadian city, including those of Canada's five largest banks. Toronto's leading economic sectors include finance, business services, telecommunications, aerospace, transportation, media, arts, film, television production, publishing, software production, medical research, education, tourism, engineering, and sports industries. According to Forbes, Toronto is the tenth-most economically powerful city in the world and one of the fastest growing among the G7 nations, whilst PwC ranks the city as the world's second-best "metro powerhouse". Toronto was ranked twelfth in the world and fourth in the Americas in 2010 for economic innovation by 2thinknow. Toronto is also consistently rated as one of top-ten most livable cities in the world by the Economist Intelligence Unit and the Mercer Quality of Living Survey. In addition, the cost of living in Toronto was ranked as the highest in Canada in 2006[update].
A relatively modern city, Toronto's history dates back to the late-18th century, when its land was first purchased by the British monarchy. The settlement was later established as the Town of York and proclaimed as the new capital of Upper Canada by its lieutenant-governor, John Graves Simcoe. In 1834, York was incorporated as a city and renamed to its present name. The city was ransacked in the Battle of York during the War of 1812, and damaged in two great fires: in 1849 and in 1904. Since its incorporation, Toronto has repeatedly expanded its borders through amalgamation with surrounding municipalities, most recently in 1998. Toronto's population is cosmopolitan and international, reflecting its role as an important destination for immigrants to Canada. Toronto is one of the world's most diverse cities by percentage of non-native-born residents, with about 49% of the population born outside Canada.
Members: 32 Posts: 5 Created: May 28, 2011 Type: Public RSS
Helen ZhangWill be visiting Toronto during the Christmas time
Thaísa SouzaHello, my name is Thaísa and am interested enough to hold the Couch in Canada, won a two-week English course in Toronto, but no stay has included, as I have only a certain amount of money, or I pay to stay or passages, so I came to ask to help me realize
Thailla RibeiroEu moro em São Paulo, Brasil, e tenho vontade de fazer intercâmbio no Canadá. Acho que fazendo parte do grupo posso aprender mais sobre o País. Além de trocar experiências com diversas pessoas.