According to Robert Brown, Azawad is an Arabic corruption of the Berber word "Azawagh", a dry river basin that covers western Niger, northeastern Mali, and southern Algeria. The name translates to "land of transhumance".
Azawad is the first Independent Berber State in Modern Times.
☼ Languages: Tamashek, Arabic, Fulfulde and Songhay are the most important languages in Azawad. Bambara is spoken by the people of southern Malian descent living in the cities.