Location: Places >> Central Asia >> India >> HIMACHAL PRADESH--" land of GODs"



HIMACHAL pradesh--
The earliest known inhabitants of the region were tribals called Dasas. Later, Aryans came and they assimilated in the tribes. In the later centuries, the hill chieftains accepted suzerainty of the Mauryan empire, the Kaushans, the Guptas and Kanuaj rulers. During the Mughal period, the Rajas of the hill states made some mutually agreed arrangements which governed their relations. In the 19th century, Ranjit Singh annexed/subjugated many of the states. When the British came, they defeated Gorkhas and entered into treaties with some Rajas and annexed the kingdoms of others. The situation more or less remained unchanged till 1947. After Independence, 30 princely states of the area were united and Himachal Pradesh was formed on 15th April, 1948. With the recognition of Punjab on 1st November, 1966, certain areas belonging to it were also included in Himachal Pradesh. On 25th January, 1971, Himachal Pradesh was made a full-fledged State.

The State is bordered by Jammu & Kashmir on North, Punjab on West and South-West, Haryana on South, Uttar Pradesh on South-East and China on the East.

Latitude 30o 22' 40" N to 33o 12' 40" N
Longitude 75o 45' 55" E to 79o 04' 20" E
Height (From mean sea Level) 350 meter to 6975 meter
Population [2001-Census] 6077248 persons
Urban 594881 persons
Rural 5482367 persons
Geographical Area [2001] 55,673 sq. km
Density (per Sq. Km.) [2001] 109
Females per 1000 Males [2001] 970
Birth Rate (per 1000) [2002(P)] 22.1
Death Rate (per 1000) [2002(P)] 7.2
Administrative Structure [2002]
State Capital Shimla
No. of Districts 12
No. of tehsils 75
No. of Sub Divisions 52
No. of Blocks 75
No. of Nagar Panchyats
No. of Gram Panchyats
No. of Villages 20118
No. of Towns 57
No. of Parliament Constituencies
Lok Sabha 4
Rajya Sabha 3
No.of Assembly Constituencies 68
Development Indicators
Per Capita Income [2000-01] Rs. 10942
Literacy [2001] 77.13 %
Male 86.03%
Female 68.08 %
Total Villages Electrified 100 %
Telephone sets 145505
No. of Hospitals 632
No. of Schools
High/ Higher Secondary
Medical 2
Engineering 4
Universities 4
No. of S.S.I. Units 30176
Land Use Pattern
Net Area Sown 560154 Hects.
Forest Cover [1996-97]
Reserved Forests Area 1896 sq.kms.
Protected Forests Area 43043 sq.kms.
Unclassed Forest Area 976 sq.kms.
Other Forests Area 370 sq.kms.
Forests not under control of forest Deptt. 748 sq.kms.
No. of Wild Life Sanctuaries 32
Average Rainfall 1469 mm
State Animal Snow Leopard
State Bird Western Tragopan (Jujurana) (Tragopan melanocephalus)
State Flower Pink Rhododendron (Rhododendron campanulatum)
State Language Hindi & Local Dialects
Major Rivers Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Parbati
Major Lakes Renuka, Rewalsar, Khajjiar, Dal, Beas Kund, Dasaur, Brighu, Prashar, Mani Mahesh, Chander Tal, Suraj Tal, Kareri, Sreolsar, Gobind Sagar, Nako

Members: 330
Posts: 27438724
Created: Jan 21, 2008
Type: Public

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Rahul YadavRahul Yadav moderator The state which i have toured the most & i plan to tour more ! 10/01/2008
Karan Kapoor Karan Kapoor My love for the mountains brings me here! I am an ardent trekker and there is no better destination that HP! 10/26/2012
Haneesh ThakurHaneesh Thakur As himachal is my native place and the place where I live 03/21/2014
Ash KakkarAsh Kakkar m going o himachal 06/04/2011
P GP G 04/18/2014
Sudhir Jain Sudhir Jain I travel frquently to Different parts of Himachal Pradesh, looking for new friends to travel with me everytime thru CS 08/04/2011
Cloud watcherCloud watcher 03/02/2008
Succhandan ThakurSucchandan Thakur i proud to be an himachali.......! 10/26/2011


Group Posts

Page: 12345>>
  Title By Replies Date
Accomodation in ToshCloud watcher-  04/18/2014
Spiti in JuneP G-  04/18/2014
Lets get away from the heat of this city life....Panwali Kantha is the place to be :)Sushant Singh-  03/28/2014
Lahaul and Spiti in March - advice?Julia Svede4  03/21/2014
kullu - manaliSuraj Panjari-  12/31/2013
Year Trip for dharamshalaPankaj Sharma-  12/29/2013
Anyone keen on an awesome trek through the snow and the forests?G Ga-  12/25/2013
ways China <==> IndiaDmitry Turin-  10/09/2013
Trekking partner needed for October endKaran Kapoor1  10/06/2013
road from kaza to manaliPaul Atrs1  10/05/2013
Looking for a travel buddy and couch for a 15 day backpacking trip to Himachal Pradesh in IndiaSonesh Prakash-  10/01/2013
Trekking in Dharamsala - Dhauladhar Range.Succhandan Thakur-  09/17/2013
Spiritual plants, psychedelics, breathings, meditation, etc in IndiaMOGURITO-  08/28/2013
looking for room with kitchen/cooking facilities.. any ideas?Jasmine Green2  08/03/2013
best period of the year to visit HIMACHAL PRADESHSalvatore - Sky - Cosma1  07/20/2013
Flood in India and cycling trip...Zofia Radzikowska-  06/21/2013
Weather in Himachal - Kinnaur, Spiti and LahaulHariram Ramesh-  06/20/2013
fellow travellers in himachal pradesh between 23rd june - 3rd julyBharath Dantuluri-  06/18/2013
Looking for someone to join for a short trek near ManaliKaran Kapoor-  06/12/2013
Share taxi from Amritsar to Himachal - 18th may 2013VIJAY RANA-  05/12/2013
Page: 12345>>