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Introduction of Dunhuang.
Posted January 28th, 2013 - 7:20 am by from Beijing, China (Permalink)
Dunhuang city is located in the western end of Hexi Corridor in Gansu Province, is located in Gansu, Qinghai, new provinces at the junction, under the Jiuquan City, a total area of 31200 square kilometers, the total population of 180000 people. The average elevation of 1138 meters, annual rainfall of 39.9 mm, annual evaporation capacity is 2480 millimeter, is a typical warm temperate arid climate. In 2010, the city completed 5200000000 yuan of GDP, the total social investment in fixed assets 3800000000 yuan, total fiscal revenue 380000000 yuan, travel recieves a number to 1510000 person-time, travel income breaks through 1400000000 yuan, per capita disposable income of urban residents was 18200 yuan, per capita net income of farmers 7670 yuan.

Profound cultural heritage and unique tourism resources

Dunhuang has a long history, splendid culture. During the Han and Tang Dynasties is the Silk Road of the city center, the famous " Buddhism Holy Land ", from the world's four major cultural system. Within the existing all kinds of cultural relics 241, in which state-level key cultural relics protection unit 3 ( Mogao Grottoes, Yumen Pass, Xuanquanzhi ruins ), the provincial cultural relics protection unit 8, the municipal cultural relics protection unit 46. Especially, known as the " culture " of the Mogao Grottoes, enjoy high reputation at home and abroad, in 1991, was listed as a world cultural heritage by UNESCO list. In addition, there is a national 4A level scenic spot Mingsha Shan, Crescent Spring, Yumen Pass, the famous Millennium Ming Guan Guan, more complete preservation of the the Great Wall of the Han Dynasty, Kawa Kuraki and the nature of extraordinary as if done by the spirits, wonderful Tiancheng made national geological park yadandimao ( the city ), a large number of cultural and natural landscape. Unique natural scenery, rich historical heritage, attracts many Chinese and foreign tourists came to look for the secret of, attractions.

Light and heat resources are abundant mineral resources

Dunhuang is located in the interior, four seasons, the temperature difference between day and night, sunshine time is long. Annual sunshine hours for 3246.7 hours, the annual average temperature of 9.3℃, total solar radiation of 153760 kcal / square centimeter, frost-free period of about 150 days, to provide good conditions for the development of solar energy industry, high-quality forest fruit industry, tourism agriculture. Dunhuang in Gansu province is one of the fruits and vegetables, cotton, the main origin, especially the grape quality fruit has reached 100000 acres, Dunhuang grape, seedless grape is branch of Chinese society of grape farmers rated as " Chinese famous fruit production base ", Dunhuang grape was awarded the title of " national high quality grape production base " China Fruit Circulation association.

Dunhuang territory has been proven mineral resources are gold, silver, vanadium, iron, phosphorus, sulfur, asbestos, Glauber's salt and other 4 categories ( energy, metals, non-metallic, moisture) of 26 varieties, high grade, large storage capacity, easy exploitation. Which is located in the side of the pass is a large deposit, vanadium resources, proved reserves of 1258600 tons, accounting for 5.07% of the national total, ranking the country fourth, the average grade is 0.86%, up to 3%, the potential economic value of 2824000000 yuan.

The basic conditions to improve the development environment is superior

Superior and convenient communications. Dunhuang railway has been completed and operations, opened to Dunhuang, Urumqi, Lanzhou, Yinchuan, Xi'an, Jiuquan five pairs of passenger trains, Dunhuang to Golmud railway has been state approved the project, will soon start; highway is the gateway to Xinjiang, Tibet, Qinghai traffic tie, highway 314 line of high grade highway has been completed, 215 state line road, are changing the expansion of Dunhuang Airport is about; from 4C extension to 4D level, has been opened to Beijing, Shanghai, Chengdu, Xining, Xi'an, Urumqi, Lanzhou and other large and medium-sized city flight. Dunhuang Airport international inspection hall built and put into use, Dunhuang aviation port to implement the temporary open, the rapid development of Posts and telecommunications, adequate supply of energy, the solar energy industry zone has already started construction, city function and characteristic is increasingly perfect highlights. At the same time, matched with the development of tourism reception service facility has a larger scale, the city a total of 135 hotels, including more than 40 star hotel ( five star 1, 4 stars class 6, SamSung class 12 ), total more than 15000 bed sheets. Operating domestic and international business travel agency reached more than 60, the tour guide 1014 people, covering English, law, Germany, Italy, Japan, Korea, Russia and other 8 languages. Preferential investment policies and flexible. In 1992, Dunhuang approved the establishment of Provincial Tourism Economic Development Zone, given the corresponding preferential policies. Combined with the actual, and formulated the " Regulations " preferential policies on investment cooperation and trade in Dunhuang City, in the project approval, land, taxation, labor and employment, industrial and commercial registration, put forward the concrete preferential policies, the investment environment has more advantages.

Painting the blueprint of development to boost scientific development

In the new situation of countries to further intensify the implementation of the western development strategy and make further efforts to support Gansu's economic and social development policy, Dunhuang once again become a full of opportunities and hope for the best, very broad prospects for development. " 1025" period, Dunhuang will conscientiously implement the central decision-making deployment, the provincial Party committee and Jiuquan municipal Party committee, in accordance with the " strategic positioning to show the charm of Dunhuang, the construction of art", the culture tourism industry as a leader, to photovoltaic, wind power and other clean energy industry as the support, to the water-saving agriculture as the foundation, further optimize the economic structure, improving the environment for development, the comprehensive construction of "a city of three base", and strive to achieve leapfrog development of the economic society. After five years of efforts, to build Dunhuang into an international tourism destination city, the national culture tourism economic zone, national solar power demonstration base in Jiuquan and the western economic area center city.

The basic conditions to improve the development environment is superior

Superior and convenient communications. Dunhuang railway has been completed and operations, opened to Dunhuang, Urumqi, Lanzhou, Yinchuan, Xi'an, Jiuquan five pairs of passenger trains, Dunhuang to Golmud railway has been state approved the project, will soon start; highway is the gateway to Xinjiang, Tibet, Qinghai traffic tie, highway 314 line of high grade highway has been completed, 215 state line road, are changing the expansion of Dunhuang Airport is about; from 4C extension to 4D level, has been opened to Beijing, Shanghai, Chengdu, Xining, Xi'an, Urumqi, Lanzhou and other large and medium-sized city flight. Dunhuang Airport international inspection hall built and put into use, Dunhuang aviation port to implement the temporary open, the rapid development of Posts and telecommunications, adequate supply of energy, the solar energy industry zone has already started construction, city function and characteristic is increasingly perfect highlights. At the same time, matched with the development of tourism reception service facility has a larger scale, the city a total of 135 hotels, including more than 40 star hotel ( five star 1, 4 stars class 6, SamSung class 12 ), total more than 15000 bed sheets. Operating domestic and international business travel agency reached more than 60, the tour guide 1014 people, covering English, law, Germany, Italy, Japan, Korea, Russia and other 8 languages. Preferential investment policies and flexible. In 1992, Dunhuang approved the establishment of Provincial Tourism Economic Development Zone, given the corresponding preferential policies. Combined with the actual, and formulated the " Regulations " preferential policies on investment cooperation and trade in Dunhuang City, in the project approval, land, taxation, labor and employment, industrial and commercial registration, put forward the concrete preferential policies, the investment environment has more advantages.

Painting the blueprint of development to boost scientific development

In the new situation of countries to further intensify the implementation of the western development strategy and make further efforts to support Gansu's economic and social development policy, Dunhuang once again become a full of opportunities and hope for the best, very broad prospects for development. " 1025" period, Dunhuang will conscientiously implement the central decision-making deployment, the provincial Party committee and Jiuquan municipal Party committee, in accordance with the " strategic positioning to show the charm of Dunhuang, the construction of art", the culture tourism industry as a leader, to photovoltaic, wind power and other clean energy industry as the support, to the water-saving agriculture as the foundation, further optimize the economic structure, improving the environment for development, the comprehensive construction of "a city of three base", and strive to achieve leapfrog development of the economic society. After five years of efforts, to build Dunhuang into an international tourism destination city, the national culture tourism economic zone, national solar power demonstration base in Jiuquan and the western economic area center city.


Posted January 28th, 2013 - 7:28 am by from Beijing, China (Permalink)
Dunhuang unique tourist attractions

The Yumen Pass and the the Great Wall of the Han Dynasty Yumen Pass 90 km away from Dunhuang City, the common name " small-town city ", is the silk road leading to the western region north of the throat pass. Legend has it that the ancient western regions and fields, jade, jewelry through the pass into the Central Plains, hence the name Yumen Pass. The city was built in the Han Dynasty conquered the west after the " four county, according to the two off" period, when the Western Han Dynasty for the Yumen Wei treatment, the Eastern Han Dynasty to the western regions frontier command jurisdiction. The the Great Wall is the Western Han Dynasty dynasty to foreign resist Hun harassment, a defense facilities built on the stability and life of people, the west of Yumen Pass valley area of the Great Wall is a party a preserved the most complete. Dunhuang Han the Great Wall structure does not obtain raw material locally built masonry, but suit one's measures to local conditions. Along the Great Wall, every 10 Li has built beacon a, this is the ancient books written in the "ten big pier five, a small pier " of Beacon Tower.

Western Thousand-Buddha Grottoes Western Thousand-Buddha Grottoes is the important part of Dunhuang grottoes, is located 35 kilometers southwest of Dunhuang City office party River cliffs. Cave of the existing 17, of which 9 caves of Northern Wei, Tang, Tang's preservation. The central are the center seat, seat around chisel niches, inner plastic buddha. The walls painted Buddha, Buddha sit bhadrakalpa saying like, like Buddha nirvana, the center of the seat and the walls painted Vajra like Buddha statue.

He Cangcheng, commonly known as generous disk City, built in the Western Han Dynasty, is located in Dunhuang 60 km northwest of Gobi, 20 kilometers west of Yumen Pass. The river city ride north to south, rammed-earth construction, rectangular. About 132 meters long, 17 meters wide north-south, the ruins of the highest point 6.7 meters, two walls of the city north and south direction, it is divided into three warehouses equal side by side. Based on the bamboo slips of Han Dynasty and Jin Jie Stein of Britain and China, archaeologist Yan Wenru has here mining recorded text to research from the Han Dynasty to Wei and Jin Dynasty, Kawa Kuraki is always an important munitions warehouse the Great Wall frontier reserve forage.

The suspension spring and the Xuanquanzhi along an Dun Road eastbound, when arrived at 64 km away from the urban area of the danger in the valley, you will see a clear spring water from the cliff hanging down, trickling streams. This spring because the water from the precipitous rock faces and sheer cliffs, named suspended springs, commonly known as the hanging water, because Ershi general Li Guangli on this sword spring into the flow, it is also known as Ershi spring. In the suspension springs near 1987, archaeologists discovered the Xuanquanzhi ruins. Xuanquanzhi is postal agencies in the Western Han Dynasty in the suspended springs up in transfer documents, email and reception work, from the past, the army. From the beginning of 1990, Gansu Province cultural department organization archaeological experts to conduct two-year excavation work to attract people's attention, has achieved results, Han bamboo slips unearthed more than 1.5 pieces, copper, iron, paint, wood, paper, grains and other relics of 16 categories of more than 2650 pieces, stir in the academic circles.

Buddha Temple -- the new Taiwan tomb group is located in the city of southeast of 5 to 25 kilometers, the total area of 100 square kilometers. Northwest Science Mission in 1934 summer Nai, Yan Wenru had been in the tombs were excavated dozens, found the Jin Dynasty tomb murals and early exquisite funerary objects in the tomb. In 1992 the new excavation of two tombs, a " cool before the family tomb ", one for " the end of Jin tomb, the tomb of " two " Dunhuang Tomb Museum renovation completed ".

The white tower is located in the southwest of Dunhuang city party River in the West Bank, the White Tower Village, 2 kilometers from the city center. According to legend, qianqin Jianyuan eighteen years ( 382 years ) in September, Fu Jian made valiant general Lu light rate of 70000 Ma Xi of Qiuci, Lv Guang is 384 years break Kucha, and more than 30 countries after the conquest of the western regions, Western monk Kumarajiva travels east to please. When the line to Dunhuang, Kumarajiva riding years white horse came to Kumarajiva said, Gomoto is bound by the Lord Buddha day take Longju, life, especially to send you the East line. Now in an even highway, I will be detached and the Hulu River, you will have to ride. The next morning, as the white horse has died. The local Buddhist believers was buried in the city under the white tower, to commemorate, named " white tower ". The white tower the magnificent building, the tower of 9 floors, 12 meters high, 7 meters in diameter, with adobe brick, in the column, coated with grass mud, lime, the tower is the Ming Dynasty 's style.

Leiyin temple is located in the city of Dunhuang to the Mingsha mountain Crescent Spring scenic area in the left side of the road, about 4 kilometers away from the city. Ancient legendslei Yin Si in the vicinity of the Crescent Spring, was buried by sand. In 1989, donated by the domestic and foreign Buddhist groups and the Buddhist Association of Dunhuang City, reconstruction of thunder temple. In 1991 June the completion of the opening, and open to visitors.

Leiyin temple covers an area of 43 mu, building area of 3000 square meters. The gate of the temple banners " Leiyin Temple " three words by the vice chairman of the CPPCC National Committee, President of the Buddhist Association of China by Zhao Puchu. Temple West open, the whole temple consists of 1 main hall, 2 with temple and the monk room, donor rooms, a total of more than 100 diange houses, worship the Buddha, Bodhisattva, arhat, 37 disciples statues. Among them, the hall is the main hall, the hall there is a statue of white jade Buddha, Burma overseas Chinese donations, the Buddha on both sides of the plastic Buddha body, and colorful eighteen Arhats, vivid image.

Ottawa depression pool Ottawa depression pool is horse home, Huang dam reservoir is located in Dunhuang City, South Lake Township, 4 kilometers southeast of the area, by many spring-fed, rippling blue waves, do not have good color. Legend has it that in 120 BC, Henan Nanyang Xinye a small officer, because crime was banished Dunhuang, grazing in the Ottawa depression pool area. He found a group of wild horse often to the side of the pool water, among them a very strange. So he designed to trap, dedicated to the emperor. In order to put the horse to magic, he arrogation from Ottawa depression pool out, become an immortal, butter. The emperor Longyan big Yue, especially as " Tianma song ". From then on, Ottawa depression pool Tianma story spread so far.


Posted January 28th, 2013 - 7:30 am by from Beijing, China (Permalink)
The town of Crescent Spring

Crescent Spring is located in the town of south suburb of Dunhuang City, the town has 6 administrative villages, 29 villagers group, 2379 households, 8933 people, a total area of 28.5 square kilometers, of which land area of 24600 mu. The obvious location advantage, rich in tourism resources, strong momentum of economic development, have been completed and the city's famous town of vegetables, fruit in a large town, tourist town. Basically formed a sort of a mu shed, per capita park, a one in two or three industries. The industrial layout, make the farmer is added close with pillar support. In 2010, the per capita net income of farmers reached 7870 yuan, per capita net income is expected in 2011 will reach 8875 yuan, a year-on-year increase of 1005 yuan. The 60% farmers living on the solar heating room, telephone households rate reaches above 100%, 100% farmers enjoy primary medical and health security, the basic realization of water and the city network, high and low voltage line overhaul, road hardening lead in all directions, comprehensive coverage of communication cable, canal, field, forest and other basic establishments. Has been rated as " provincial civilized villages and towns work advanced township " and " provincial civilized town " title.

The town of Crescent Spring area in addition to state-level scenic Mingsha Shan, Crescent Spring and the Buddha Temple, Folk Museum, Dunhuang Hotel Dunhuang Farm Park humanities landscape, large and medium-sized tourism enterprises and the The Silk Road Dunhuang Hotel, Youdian Mountain Village Hotel, movie theater, historical Exposition Garden, 100 Li Zhuang, swimming pool, natural history museum, Crescent Spring every year town tourism tourists up to more than a million people. In recent years, the town to develop " three zone", the construction of " three zone", " Dunhuang city garden, urban and rural residents basket, Chinese and foreign tourists sightseeing agriculture and resort area " as the goal. According to the market with a base of thought, and built a vegetable, fruit two bases, built greenhouse vegetables, high-quality fruit, tourism and other multiple high standard professional village. Built the city's largest Li Guangxing production base, in March every year, the whole town everywhere filled with rich apricot fragrant, really " into the village without flowers, near or the way I do not know " artistic conception