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Catalan poetry
Posted November 11th, 2012 - 2:31 am by from New Delhi, India (Permalink)
I am curious about Catalan literature and have the following two queries:

1. Since Catalan lands are bilingual, do Catalans write poetry in Catsillian as well? Or to put it other way, is Spanish poetry from Catalunya,Valencia,Balearic Islands considered ' Catalan Poetry'?
2. Who are currently the most read/published/appreciated poets from Catalan lands? A list of about ten names would keep me busy reading for next few months, I guess...

And I'd appreciate if you could also provide links of some of the best poems in catalan that you consider absolutely must-read for a Catalanofile.

Posted November 12th, 2012 - 4:55 am by from Castellon de la Plana, Spain (Permalink)
Catalan poets who have written good poetry have written in Catalan. Castilianspeaking poets born in Catalan Lands have written in Spanish.

Ausiàs Marc is probably the greatest one (born in València, XVth):
By Anglo-Catalan Society:
“Veles e vents” (poema d’Ausiàs Marc), de Raimon: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JEpKnkhTj-0&feature=related

Maria del Mar Bonet uses to sing romantic poems (Majorcan School, I enjoy them a lot):
“Sonet”: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6EMhkshp5-I&feature=related
“Cançó de Na Ruixa Mantells”: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=COidFYkPokU&feature=related
"El Pi de Formentor", d'en Miquel Costa i Llobera. Cantat per Maria del Mar Bonet: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vwj3lQIHi_E&feature=related
(Amb la lletra): http://lesrosesdeldrac.com/?q=node/43

But people interested in poetry prefer to read some XXth poets. So Joan-Manuel Serrat sings Joan Salvat-Papasseit: “Res no és mesquí”: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qbeth1eWasU&feature=related


Salvat-Papasseit's poem as a song:

Nothing is mean
nor any hour is wild,
not even the luck of the night is dark.
And the dew is clear
that the sun rises and bewitches, yearns
for delight of the bath:
that every made thing is reflected in its mirror.

Nothing is mean,
but everything is rich, as the wine and the tanned cheek
And the waves of the sea always laugh.
Spring of winter - Spring of summer.
And everything is spring:
and every leaf, eternally green.

Nothing is mean,
because the days do not pass away;
and the death does not arrive, even if you have called for her.
And if you have asked for her, she hides a hollow for you
so that for being born again you need to die.
And we are never a cry
but a fine smile
that disperses like segments of orange.

Nothing is mean,
because the song sings in each strand of thing.
- Today, tomorrow and yesterday
rose petals will be ripped off:
and milk will come to the youngest virgin’s breast.

From “Irradiator in the port and the seagulls” (1921)


Posted November 12th, 2012 - 4:56 pm by from New Delhi, India (Permalink)
Thanks for making me start off: this will be my introduction to Catalan literature. Moltes gracies.

Posted November 12th, 2012 - 10:17 pm by from Malgrat de Mar, Spain (Permalink)
Ausias March is medieval catalan, so it's a bit difficult to read.

One of the most popular and appreciated catalan poets of the 20th century (the most, in my opinion) is Miquel Martí i Pol. Here you will find more info:

Another famous catalan poets are: Salvador Espriu (also novelist), Bartomeu Rosselló-Pòrcel (from Mallorca), Josep Carner (neoclassical), Joan Maragall (very famous because of his poems about La Sardana and "Adeu Espanya"), Miquel Costa i Llobera (from Mallorca), Jacint Verdaguer (lyrical poems, romanticism, very popular, everybody knows him), Bonaventura Carles Aribau (his poem "Oda a la pàtria" is the beginning of catalan nationalism), and Ramon Llull (also medieval, so quite hard to understand)

I recommend you this website about catalan literature: http://lletra.uoc.edu/

And here you have a selection of poems: http://lletra.uoc.edu/especials/folch/

About your question: Is now, at present, that catalan people are bilingual, but in the past (one century ago) it wasn't like that. So, only nowadays we have poets who write in spanish. Not in the past. Anyway, i think they are not very popular... I don't know any of them.. to be sincere.. And if they write in spanish, i think it should be considered spanish literature, not catalan.

Greetings from Barcelona,


Posted November 13th, 2012 - 10:40 pm by from Barcelona, Spain (Permalink)
Also, in catalan Josep Vicenç Foix (J.V. Foix) and Josep Maria de Sagarra from 20th century.
According to the professor Jordi Llovet (an authority in catalan literature) Josep Carner, J.V. Foix and Carles Riba were the most outstanding poets from all time.

In spanish, I only know Jaime Gil de Biedma. One of his poems 'Palabras para Julia' was interpreted by Paco Ibañez.

Check the Josep Mª de Sagarra songs here:

Worth to mention Federico Garcia Lorca, its Romancero gitano, la casada infiel, obras de teatro, ...