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Mapuche minor at risk of arrest and unjust process
Posted July 12th, 2011 - 5:48 pm by from Castellon de la Plana, Spain (Permalink)
CHILE

Mapuche minor at risk of arrest and process start

Juan Patricio Queipul Millanao, Mapuche with 17 year old community member temucuicui the region of Araucania, was violently arrested April 29 by police in civilian clothes. Patrick was returning from visiting relatives when the police threw him to the summit and was beaten and they threw down. They arrive vehicles Chile police investigation (POI) and the national police (Carabineros) and led him away. He was held overnight at the police station in the city of Collipulli, not to report their family. On May 2, a process decided his arrest and application of all four charges under the Terrorism Act: fire, conspiracy, attempted murder and robbery with intimidation.

Accused of participating in an incendiary attack on the toll Pua (near the city of Quino) in October 2009, Patrick lived in hiding for two years. Despite his youth, has experienced a series of institutional violence. In 2006, he found hypothermia in the mountains, fleeing an attack by special forces. In 2007, received September rubber bullets in the chest, the legs and hands. In 2008, the PDI was beaten and detained incommunicado for two days and one night.

On March 25 proppassat, fifty cases of police violence, torture and threats, and five cases (one of which is that of Patrick) under the accusation of anti-terrorist law against Mapuche children, were presented at the Inter-American Commission hearing on the Rights Human: the Rapporteur on Children reported the absence of full protection of children and young people, particularly indigenous people. Finally on June 9, the Terrorism Act was amended to exclude clearly and definitely their application to minors.

Patrick process should begin on 11 July. It can not prosecute under the Terrorism Act, but there is a danger that they remain important tests used initially as the use of anonymous witnesses, and that the penalty which condemned him to be very strong.

The Terrorism Act and the Mapuche social demands

According to the census conducted in 2002, the indigenous population of Chile is comprised of around 700,000 people, representing a 4 or 6% of the total population. The main indigenous peoples that make up this population are the Mapuche, the Aymara, the atacamenys, the gang, the Rapanui, the kawaskar and Yamana.

The Mapuche, originating in parts of central and south, represent the largest ethnic group. Today is also the best organized indigenous people. Always suffer from discrimination and violations of their rights.

Since 1992, a move that has been consolidated claim recovery of their lands, preserving culture, tradition and social organization of the Mapuche. The Chilean state has chosen to respond with repression and criminalization: recent years have increased police interventions abusive hostilitzacions through the judicial system and abuse.

It noted particularly arbitrary and repeated use of the Terrorism Act. One hundred Mapuche activists have been or are pursued by "fire, threats or illegal terrorist organizations," the majority after a wave of violence and farm occupations in 2008 and 2009.

This law created to suppress political opposition under the Pinochet dictatorship (1973-1990), depends on military justice, allows the use of witnesses "protected" statements which are heard and recorded anonymously, to arrests preventive very long sentence just very strong.

Institutional violence against Mapuche children

The Mapuche children are so little respected as adults. Five youths arrested under the Terrorism Act and still remain in danger of being convicted by anonymous witnesses.

Three of them had joined the hunger strike of Mapuche political prisoners in 2010: Ñirripil Jose Perez, Luis Humberto Morales and Christian Cayupán Marileo Cariqueo. Despite the commitments of the state leave to be allegations of terrorism, were detained for several months in preventative detention center Chol Chol in the region of Araucania, to have committed crimes in social events, when they were still under old. After several months, have obtained arrest. All three reported acts of torture have not been taken into account by the judges.

There are also Huenchupán Rodrigo, the process which began in 2008. Rodrigo had been tortured during a two-day detention when he was 17 years. His parents were not informed of the arrest, so that meant an enforced disappearance. His lawyer found it ended in a police station. Currently, Rodrigo benefits of a conditional suspension of the process and must be presented to a judge every week.

Finally, Patrick Queipul Millanao just been arrested and placed under house arrest after being hidden from authorities for two years.

Texts international

Chile has ratified the Convention against Torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the Convention against All Forms of Racial Discrimination and the two International Covenants on Civil and Political Rights.

Proposal Letters

We suggest you write to the Attorney General of Chile (0.80 euros mark, fax: 00.56.28.10.68.12) ial'ambaixada of Chile to Madrid (fax: 915 775 560), best before 18 July. These letters can be sent as we prepare or rewritten according to your opinion.

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. . . . . . . , . . . de julio de 2011

Sr. Sabas Chahuán Sarrás
Procurador General de Chile
Av. del General Mackenna 1369, Piso 2
Santiago
CHILE


Sr. Procurador General:

Conociendo los hechos a través de la ACAT/Catalunya-España, afiliada a la Federación Internacional de la Acción de los Cristianos para la Abolición de la Tortura (FIACAT), me preocupa mucho la situación de Juan Patricio Queipul Millanao, menor de edad de origen mapuche, víctima de una detención violenta.

Repetidamente y desde que tenía la edad de 12 años, Patricio ha sido herido y apalizado en los asaltos de las fuerzas de policía a su comunidad.

En una audiencia celebrada el 25 de marzo pasado, la Comisión Interamericana de los Derechos Humanos ha recordado al estado de Chile sus incumplimientos respecto la protección de los menores de edad, en particular si son indígenas. Me alegro, pues, de la modificación reciente de la ley antiterrorista.

Pero, a más, he de pedir sus órdenes para que:

- no se tengan en cuenta ninguna de les pruebas obtenidas en aplicación de la ley antiterrorista tanto en el caso de Juan Patricio Queipul Millanao, como tampoco en los de José Ñirripil Pérez, Cristián Cayupán Morales, Luis Humberto Marileo Cariqueo y Rodrigo Huenchupán;

- se tome en consideración el interés superior del menor y se respeten las garantías previstas por la Convención de los Derechos del Niño y las reglas mínimas de las Naciones Unidas.

Reciba, Sr. Procurador General, mis respetuosos saludos.

Firma:
Nombre:
Dirección:

Posted October 9th, 2011 - 11:41 pm by from Castellon de la Plana, Spain (Permalink)
This other "Mapuche Case" has had a happy end:

PUELMAPU. LA BATALLA EN LOS ESTRADOS
Dos fallos judiciales en favor del pueblo mapuche

Sobreseyeron a una mujer mapuche
Por Fuente: El Ciudadano / Bariloche - Friday, Oct. 07, 2011 at 4:20 PM

http://argentina.indymedia.org/news/2011/10/795309.php

Policiales y Judiciales - 05/10/2011

El juez de Instrucción Martín Lozada dispuso el sobreseimiento de una pobladora mapuche, de 52 años, quien con intención de proteger un bosque de cipreses sagrados para la Comunidad de los Huaytekas, ubicada en El Foyel, impidió la circulación por un camino vecinal a representantes de una empresa petrolera.
Según la mujer, los representantes de la empresa iban a derribar los cipreses. La sentencia en cuestión quedó firme, al ser consentida tanto por el agente fiscal como por la parte querellante.
La mujer afirmó haber velado por la integridad de un bosque único, milenario y sagrado para su comunidad. Señaló que tal posición de garante le había sido conferida por la comunidad a la que pertenece en el marco de un “trawun”. Se refirió, además, al "rewe" para explicar el vínculo que la une a ese territorio.
Lozada consideró estar frente a la problemática del multiculturalismo. Sostuvo que “supone referirnos a la presencia, dentro de un determinado contexto espacial, de diversas culturas, y a la consecuente concurrencia de elementos cognitivos comunes que hacen a la representación del mundo exterior, en el ámbito de la moral, la religión, el derecho, las relaciones sociales”.
Y recordó la incorporación al ámbito interno del derecho internacional de los derechos humanos, entre ellos, el artículo 27 del Pacto internacional de Derechos Civiles y Políticos; de la reforma constitucional de 1994, que reconoció la preexistencia étnica y cultural de los pueblos indígenas; y de la ratificación del Convenio 169 de la OIT.

Pericia
En función de las complejidades de la causa, y toda vez que de ella se desprenden elementos culturales propios de la comunidad mapuche y, más precisamente, de la comunidad de Los Huaytekas, Lozada dispuso realizar una pericia antropológica.
La pericia estuvo a cargo de la doctora Claudia Briones, quien es profesora de la Universidad Nacional de Río Negro (UNRN) y titular de la Escuela de Humanidades de esa casa de estudios.
Del informe pericial antropológico surge el valor ancestral y simbólico que para la comunidad Huayteka posee el bosque de cipresal allí existente.
“No sólo como la Mapu en tanto tierra tiene un sentido económico que garantiza la reproducción material del grupo, sino también como en tanto lugar se entrema en y a través de un sentido de paisaje, entendido como las características superficiales del medio que están significativamente relacionadas con la existencia cotidiana y que presuponen y crean la relación histórica y semántica que los indígenas tienen con ese territorio”, afirmó.
También informó al juzgado en relación las implicancias del “rewe” en materia de posesión tradicional de la tierra; y respecto a la entidad vinculante de las decisiones arribadas mediante un "trawun".

Cultura
“Nos encontramos frente a los llamados delitos culturalmente motivados, referidos a determinados comportamientos que si bien contradicen la norma penal, se explican en razón a la cultura a la que pertenece el infractor. Es decir que la quinta esencia de estos delitos culturalmente motivados radica en el conflicto entre el respeto a los valores comprendidos dentro de su cultura y lo que disponen las normas penales”, sostuvo Lozada.
Respecto de la mujer, señaló que no es posible “que hubiera estado en condiciones de inspirarse en la expectativa subyacente a la previsión normativa prevista en el artículo 181 del Código Penal, y ello por cuanto, en lo esencial, su sistema de creencias la llevó a hacer prevalecer lo que entendió como un bien jurídico de mayor trascendencia”. Y consideró que “estamos en ausencia de cualquier forma de culpabilidad penal…”

www.elciudadanobche.com.ar/interior.php?accion=ver_nota&id_nota=24660

Posted January 8th, 2012 - 7:21 pm by from Castellon de la Plana, Spain (Permalink)
"Pinochetist" Racist Chilean Gvt. attacks Mapuche Indians

BBC News Latin America & Caribbean
7 January 2012 Last updated at 04:00 GMT
Chile blames Mapuche Indians for deadly forest fires

Chile's government has suggested indigenous Mapuche activists may have been responsible for a forest fire that killed seven firefighters on Thursday.

The interior minister named a Mapuche group involved in land disputes with forestry companies.

President Sebastian Pinera has invoked an anti-terror law to pursue those responsible.

Mapuche activists have accused the government of trying to criminalise their movement.

President Pinera reaffirmed that many of the recent fires appeared to have been started deliberately.

"Behind this premeditated and criminal conduct there activity of a terrorist nature," he said.

The worst of the fires have been in the Bio Bio and Araucania regions, where indigenous Mapuche groups have been campaigning to recover ancestral lands from forestry companies.

Interior Minister Rodrigo Hinzpeter said radical Mapuche group Coordinadora Arauco Malleco (CAM) may have been responsible.

The group has previously been accused of arson attacks, and some of its leaders are in jail.
'No evidence'

Other Mapuche activists immediately rejected the link.

The Mapuche Student's Federation accused Mr Hinzpeter of conducting a "media trial" without any evidence and of trying to "delegitimise" the indigenous movement.

The Mapuche say the fires are partly due to the introduction of exotic tree species that have worsened seasonal drought.

The seven firefighters who died in the Araucania region, south of the capital Santiago, were employees of a forestry company.

The forestry workers' union says they were not properly trained or equipped for the job.

Across Chile, wildfires have burned about 500 sq km (190 square miles) of forest and farmland over the past week.

As well as Bio Bio and Araucania, Torres del Paine National Park in the far south of Patagonia has also been badly affected.

BBC

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Posted March 13th, 2014 - 11:19 pm by from Castellon de la Plana, Spain (Permalink)
El Estado chileno pide perdón al pueblo mapuche por el despojo de sus tierras
El Gobierno ha pedido perdón en nombre del Estado chileno al pueblo mapuche «por el despojo de sus tierras» y ha asegurado que tiene una deuda pendiente en materia de políticas públicas que permitan sacar de la pobreza a la región de La Araucanía, donde viven 600.000 indígenas...

http://www.naiz.info/eu/actualidad/noticia/20140313/el-estado-chileno-pide-perdon-al-pueblo-mapuche-por-el-despojo-de-sus-tierras